Logo
東海大學國際職場實習發展中心--第六屆擁抱全球實習成果-越南實習生活

越南實習生活

  • 單位 :
  • 分類 : 第六屆擁抱全球實習成果
  • 點閱 : 330
  • 日期 : 2016-11-21

(越南 MEN-CHUEN實習生 陳同學)

越南充斥的外商,台灣、中國、韓國、日本等,每間工廠都需要勞工,就全球勞工的觀點來看,目前以東南亞最為適合,在勞力資源多與價格偏低的情況下,地大多港口的越南是最適合了。

我的實習從台北總公司開始。綿春纖維紡織工業是一家土生土長的台灣企業,主要的產品是布料,大部分的客戶以運動品牌為主。雖然是製布商,但也積極希望可以向下游發展,成立成衣廠與自創品牌銷售,朝向OBM。

剛開始,對於布料這個行業非常不熟悉。因為平常只接觸到成品類的商品,或是品牌端的廣告,卻從來沒有了解過上下游的關係。在衣服的產業裡,從紗開始。布商購紗,織成胚布,進染缸,賣給成衣廠,最後由品牌出售給消費者。品牌會因為社會企業責任的歸屬,進而要求上游廠需要符合品牌要求、申請稽核證書等。由於品牌端的角色實力重大,若是上游廠不加以改善,則會面臨無訂單,最後可能虧損。

在台北的兩個禮拜,主要跟著生管課長了解工廠作業,台灣工廠的作業性質較為複雜,有染整廠、織造廠、物流廠,課長帶我了解綿春企業主要的產品作業,專員為我上工廠管理的課程,包括continue improvement, 6s, 品管等,讓我對工廠管理更加了解。

台灣地小,因此廠區規模都不算大,工業區內,工廠比鄰;相較於越南廠大為不同。越南地大,許多土地尚未開發,越南廠區的位置較為偏僻,距離市區約50公里,在交通上較不便利。剛到越南最難適應的就是氣候,早上氣溫可達40度。我在越南廠區主要的工作就是專案改善,五管中,我接觸到了人管、生管。由於綿春第三廠興建完成,因此我負責廠內規劃的專案,我的輔導員是廠區經理,他讓我全權負責,並由台灣專員從旁協助,讓我從中收穫良多,雖然其中曾經因為與越南同事溝通不良,造成多次重工,但是經過再次溝通與討論後,我們將物流路線改善,讓進出貨更為順利、簡潔。

在人管的方面,目前現有的員工稽核,大多為自由心證,因此每個人的評分重點與標準皆為不同,造成員工成績差異過大。因此我司希望將實際狀況數據化,提供標準給大家參考,讓結果更為客觀。若是該考核進行順利,符合實際目標,則會繼續考慮獎懲,給予員工更多的福利。

越南廠剛成立一年多,目前以台北公司訂單為主,但是還是積極向外開發客源,邀請許多廠商前來參觀。在國際化的商業區中,面對的不只是台商,更包括了日商、港商、陸商、新加坡商等,因此在該實習中,我認為最重要的是語言能力的表達。若是語言能力佳,在工作上的見識也將更為寬廣。因為語言,我與同事一起接待越南認證稽核人員,與品牌客人;在旅行中,也結交了許多當地的朋友。綿春的合作企業眾多,所以我非常推薦語言能力佳的同學們來綿春實習,絕對會增廣見聞。

There are plenty of international companies in Vietnam. Not only Taiwan, but also China, Japan are setting plants in Vietnam. Every plant needs labors. From the viewpoint of global labors, currently the Southeast Asia is the best place for lower labor cost. In the Southeast Asia, there are spacious land and numerous people. And I think the best country in Asia for plant to be invested is Vietnam, because Vietnam is surrounded by the sea, and has ports.

My internship is in Taipei office in the beginning. MEN-CHUEN FABRIC COMPANY is local Taiwanese company, and the main product is fabric. Most of our customers are sporty brands. Although being a fabric company, we hope to develop to the downstream industries, like garment industries. And then moving to OBM is our target.

At first, I was not familiar with the fabric industry. Because I was usually exposed to the finished product, or brand advertising, I seldom understood the relationship between upstream and downstream. In the clothing industry, the beginning is from yarn. Cloth merchants buy yarn, woven gray fabric, get it into the color vat, sold to garment factories, and ultimately sell to consumers by the brand. Because attributed corporate social responsibility, the brand will further requested the upstream plant must comply with the requirements of the brand and audit certificate. As brands pressure upstream of the plant, if upstream of the plants did not improve, it will face with no order and may end up with losing money.

In Taipei for two weeks, Production Supervisor, Jennifer, show me factory jobs, including dyeing factory, weaving factory, logistics, and our main products. The specialist teaches me factory management courses, continuing improvement, 6s and quality control included. Make me more get the point from my internship.

Taiwan is small, so factory scales in Taiwan industrial park are not too big. Different from Taiwan, Vietnam is much bigger, most of land is undeveloped. Our plant in Vietnam is far away from HCMC around 50 km, and the transportation is not convenient. Just arrived in Vietnam, the weather is hardest matter to get used to. The morning temperature can reach 40 degrees.

My job in MEN-CHUEN Vietnam plant is continuing improvement. In business management course, I reach personnel and production. Due to the third plant is just finished, I was responsible for the setting project. My trainer is my manager. He let me be in charge for the plan, and assisted by the specialist from Taiwan. I learn a lot from it. Although sometimes I had poor communication with Vietnamese colleagues, resulting in several repeated operations, through communication and discussion, we improved the logistics line, making the ship more smooth and concise.

In human resource, currently we use the staff audition for evaluating our staff. The score scale is not clear, and everyone focus on different points and has different standards, that makes differences between the audition. For the sake of it, we would like to change the actual situation into data, and provide consistent standards to our staff, making results more objective. If the examination was carried out smoothly, and results were in accordance with the target, on it, we will consider staff incentives, and give them more benefits.

Vietnam factory has just set up for more than a year, and our productivity is based on Taipei HQ, but we still actively develop our Vietnam customer group and local market, inviting other company agent to visit our factory. On international business, it includes not only Taiwanese, but Japanese, Hong Kong, China and Singapore. So for this internship, I think the most important thing is the ability of language to express. If one is good at English, experience at work will also be much wider. Because of the language, I served Vietnamese certified auditors with colleagues, and had led to the NIKE headquarters for certificate. In trips, I also made a lot of local friends. MEN-CHUEN has plenty joint ventures, so I So I highly recommend someone good at language come to MEN-CHUEN for an intern, there must be huge wonderful memories.